Industrial Relations in Turkey

Social Dialogue matters

ILO conventions and Turkey

Of the total of 105 ILO conventions, Turkey ratified 56, leaving 49 ILO conventions non-ratified. Turkey ratified all 8 ‘fundamental conventions’, 3 of the four ‘governance conventions’ and 45 of the 177 ‘Technical conventions’. The not-ratified governance conventions is the ILO convention C129 on the labour inspection in agriculture.

From the perspective of the Turkish trade unions, the ratification of the ILO convention number 87 and 98 are of central importance.

Turkish trade unions (DISK link, official ILO complaints link), academics and international trade union organizations (link, ITUC) nevertheless complain frequently about non-conformity with these conventions on the field.

As a result, the ILO called upon the Turkish government to make the necessary changes to the legislation in order to align the legislation with the ratified ILO conventions (link, link).

Some of the ratified conventions


  1. C029 – Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29)
  2. C087 – Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948 (No. 87)
  3. C098 – Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98)
  4. C100 – Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100)
  5. C105 – Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105)
  6. C111 – Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 (No. 111)
  7. C138 – Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138)
  8. C182 – Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182)


  1. C081 – Labour Inspection Convention, 1947 (No. 81)
  2. C122 – Employment Policy Convention, 1964 (No. 122)
  3. C144 – Tripartite Consultation (International Labour Standards) Convention, 1976 (No. 144)

For a full list of all ratified & non-ratified ILO conventions by Turkey, see: ILO.

Last update: January 2013


3 comments on “ILO conventions and Turkey

  1. Pingback: Turkey’s unions are dead, long live the cooperative? | ROAR Magazine

  2. Pingback: Turkey’s unions are dead, long live the cooperative? « WORDVIRUS

  3. Pingback: Turkey’s unions are dead, long live the cooperative? | Înfo Welat

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