Industrial Relations in Turkey

Social Dialogue matters

Regulation & Legislation

Turkish Industrial Relations is heavily influenced by state regulations and legislation. The Turkish state intervenes directly in how labour unions can be organized and put severe limits on the competences and capabilities of the social partners.

The Turkish constitution guarantees some basic freedoms related to industrial relations. As such, the following rights are enshrined in the constitution:

  • The right to freedom of association
  • The right to collective bargaining
  • The right to strike

The major laws regulating the Turkish industrial relations are:

  • Act. No 4857: The labour law on the individual relation between employees and employers.
  • Act. No. 2821: The trade union law regulating the internal organization, competences and limitations of employer and labour confederations.
  • Act. No. 2822: The collective agreement, strike and lock-out law.
  • Act. No. 506: The social insurance law.
  • Act. No. 4447: The unemployment insurance law.
  • Act. No. 657: The public employee law regulating the individual relation between the state and the public sector employees.
  • Act. No. 4688: The public employee trade union law, regulating the internal organization, competences and limitations of public sector unionism.
  • Act. No. 5434: The social security law of public employees.
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