Industrial Relations in Turkey

Social Dialogue matters

Türk-Is

Data:

  • Foundation data: 1952
  • Members (2013): 708.923
  • Members of management council: 5
  • President: Ergün Atalay

History:

Türk-Is was found in 1952 with the active support of the ICFTU (International Confederation of Free Trade Unions) which introduced and american style of trade unionism in Turkey. As a result, in 1964, Türk-Is declared that they were politically  ‘parti üstünde’ (above the parties). Turk-Is therefore was always pragmatic in their defense of the workers rights.

Timeline:

  • 1952: First general congress (President: Ismail Inan; General secretary:  Muammer Özerkan)
  • 1953: Second general congress. (President: Naci Kurt; General secretary:  Ismail Inan). In the general elections of 1954, Naci Kurt was elected as a member of parliament on the DP list.
  • 1957: Third general congress. (President: Nuri Beser; General secretary:  Ismail Inan).
  • 1960: Fourth general congress. (President: Seyfi Demirsoy; General secretary:  Halil Tunç).
  • 1964: Fifth general congress: (President: Seyfi Demirsoy; General secretary:  Halil Tunç).
  • 1966: Sixth general congress: (President: Seyfi Demirsoy; General secretary: Halil Tunç).
  • 1968: Seventh general congress. (President: Seyfi Demirsoy; General secretary: Halil Tunç).
  • 1970: Eight general congress. (President: Seyfi Demirsoy; General secretary: Halil Tunç).
  • 1973: Ninth general congress. (President: Seyfi Demirsoy; General secretary: Halil Tunç).
  • 1978: Tenth general congress (President: Halil Tunç; General secretary: Sadik Side).
  • 1979: 11th general congress (President: Ibrahim Denizcier; General secretary: Sadik Side).
  • 1982: 12th general congress. (President: Sevket Yilmaz; General secretary: Sadik Side).
  • 1983: extraordinary general congress.
  • 1983: 13th general congress.  (President: Sevket Yilmaz; General secretary: Sadik Side).
  • 1986: 14th general congress. (President: Sevket Yilmaz; General secretary: Emin Kul).
  • 1989: 15th general congress. (President: Sevket Yilmaz; General secretary: Orhan Balta).
  • 1992: 16th general congress (President: Bayram Meral; General secretary: Semsi Denizer).
  • 1995: 17th general congress. (President: Bayram Meral; General secretary: Semsi Denizer).
  • 1999: 18th general congress. (President: Bayram Meral; General secretary: Huseyin Karakoç).
  • 2003: 19th general congress. (President: Mustafa Kumlu; General secretary: Ergün Atalay).
  • 2007: 20th general congress. (President: Mustafa Kumlu; General secretary: Mustafa Türkel).
  • 2011: 21th general congress. (President: Ergün Atalay, General secretary: Pevrul Kavlak).

Current developments:

Türk-Is is by far the largest union in Turkey and suffers from great internal differences. Some affiliated unions have a left of the centre political identity while others are known for their far-right political ideas. The most striking example is the metal workers unions Turk-Metal.

On the confederation level, Türk-Is therefore tries to keep itself low profile on touchy topics like religion and Kurdish rights.

Regarding the integration of Turey in the European Union, Türk-Is is officially in favour, yet according to Asp (2002), Türk-Is consistently fights the practical implications of EU inspired reforms and accuse other unions of treachery cause they accept money of the EU (Zeynep, 2009, p 14). With the resignation of Bayram Meral this period nevertheless seems to be finished.

Affiliated Unions:

Turk Is 2013 %in sector %in confed
Orman-Is 724 0,59% 0,10%
Tarim-Is 9.953 8,08% 1,40%
Seker-Is 15.667 3,01% 2,21%
Tek Gida-Is 31.179 5,99% 4,40%
Türk Maden-Is 24.201 12,96% 3,41%
Genel Maden-Is 11.418 6,12% 1,61%
Petrol-Is 27.392 5,88% 3,86%
Teksif 54.845 5,51% 7,74%
DERİ-İŞ 1.804 0,18% 0,25%
AĞAÇ-İŞ 2.446 1,10% 0,35%
SELÜLOZ-İŞ 3.268 1,47% 0,46%
TÜRKİYE HABER-İŞ 16.203 23,69% 2,29%
BASIN-İŞ 1.791 1,72% 0,25%
BASS 10.446 3,93% 1,47%
BASİSEN 38.131 14,35% 5,38%
KOOP-İŞ 28.089 1,31% 3,96%
TEZ-KOOP-İŞ 50.319 2,34% 7,10%
TÜRKİYE ÇİMSE-İŞ 20.142 12,44% 2,84%
KRİSTAL-İŞ 6.747 4,17% 0,95%
TÜRK METAL 151.734 11,10% 21,40%
YOL-İŞ 32.385 2,25% 4,57%
TES-İŞ 45.882 19,56% 6,47%
DEMİRYOL-İŞ 14.563 2,17% 2,05%
HAVA-İŞ 13.497 2,01% 1,90%
TÜMTİS 6.775 1,01% 0,96%
DOK GEMİ-İŞ 2.245 1,56% 0,32%
SAĞLIK-İŞ 5.264 1,87% 0,74%
TOLEYİS 14.012 2,22% 1,98%
TÜRK HARB-İŞ 21.134 11,02% 2,98%
BELEDİYE-İŞ 41.314 6,30% 5,83%
TGS 817 0,78% 0,12%
Turk Deniz-Is 4.536 3,16% 0,64%
TOTAAL 708.923   100,00%

Practical Information:

 

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