Social Dialogue matters
Hak-Is was founded in attempt of the religiously inspired MSP party of Erbakan. The union defended a sort of corporatism based on the union of employers and employees (Duran & Yildirim, 2005). Due to this obvious political affiliation, the Hak-Is unions took a rather slow start and just before the military intervention of 1980 it seemed like the confederations was about to disintegrate. Nevertheless, after a short prohibition of the confederation by the military regime, Hak-Is could welcome a lot of new members which didn’t want to affiliate with Türk-Is.
With the passing of time, Hak-Is loosened the ties with the religious political parties of Turkey and evolved towards a secular, pro-capitalism, pro-privatization union which is critical for state intervention in the economy (Blind, 2007; Duran & Yildirim, 2005; Yildirim, Calis & Benli, 2008).
Hak-Is uses creative instruments of action in their defense of the workers’ interests. Confronted with the privatizations of public services they founded cooperatives so that the workers could become involved in the management of the new private firms (Blind, 2007).
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Blind, P.K. (2007). A new actor in Turkish democratization: labor unions. Turkish Studies, 8 (2), 289-311.
Duran, B., & Yildirim, E. (2005). Islamism, Trade Unionism and Civil Society: The Case of Hak-Is Labour Confederation in Turkey. Middle Eastern Studies, 11 (2), 227-247.
Yildirim, E., Calis, S., & Benli, A. (2008) Turkish Labour Confederations and Turkey’s Membership of the European Union. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 29 (3), 362-387.